Events Calendar

Proteins drilling holes in lipid membranes, Cecile Fradin

Date:
Thursday, November 30, 2017
Time:
1:30 pm - 2:30 pm
Location:
Physics & Astronomy Building (PAB)
Room: 100
10 Beechwood Place
London
Cost:
Free

Department of Physics and Astronomy

PHYSICS & ASTRONOMY COLLOQUIUM

Dr. Cecile Fradin

Department of Physics & Astronomy
McMaster University

Proteins drilling holes in lipid membranes: The influence of the membrane physical parameters


ABSTRACT

The elimination of unwanted cells is essential to the survival of all living organisms. This process is under the control of a set of proteins called Bcl-2 family proteins. When receiving certain signals, they drill holes in the outer membrane of mitochondria, an event sentencing the cell to death. We are interested in the influence of the physical properties of the membrane (surface charge, thickness, order parameter, spontaneous curvature) on the pore formation process. We study minimal reconstituted systems comprised of liposomes with varying lipid composition and both an activating protein (Bid) and a pore formation protein (Bax). We use fluorescence and scattering methods to quantitatively characterize the pore formation pathway. Our measurements show that certain lipid compositions, and thus certain membrane properties, affect specific steps in the pathway. Surface charge influences the initial recruitment of Bid to the membrane, while lipid tail disorder helps the insertion of both Bid and Bax into the membrane. Thus the physical properties of the mitochondrial membranes can be used by the cell as an additional way of regulating cell death.

STUDENTS – after the talk, you’re encouraged to meet with the speaker in PAB 141 (Reading room).
COFFEE – coffee and cookies will be available in the 2nd floor Atrium lounge at 1:15 p.m.
CELL PHONES – as a courtesy to the speaker and audience, please set your cellphones to “silent” mode. Thanks!
Host:
Prof. G. Fanchini
Contact:
Jodi Guthrie - Assistant to the Chair
jodi@uwo.ca
519-661-2111 ext. 86438
Event Type:


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